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Article 11

Thinking outside the box–predicting biotic interactions in data-poor environments

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D. BEAUCHESNE1*, P. DESJARDINS-PROULX2, P. ARCHAMBAULT3, D. GRAVEL2
1 Université du Québec à Rimouski, 300 Allée des Ursulines, Rimouski, Québec, Canada G5L 3A1
2 Université de Sherbrooke, 2500, de l’Université, Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada J1K 2R1
3 Université Laval, 2325 de l’Université, Québec City, Québec, Canada G1V 0A6
*Corresponding author: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

ABSTRACT. – Large networks of ecological interactions, such as food webs, are complex to characterize, be it empirically or theoretically. The former requires exhaustive observations, while the latter generally requires ample data to be validated. We therefore wondered whether readily available data, namely empirically described interactions in a variety of ecosystems, could be combined to predict species interactions in data deficient ecosystems. To test this, we built a catalogue of biotic interactions from a collection of 94 empirical food webs, detailed predator-prey interaction databases and interactions from the Global Biotic Interactions (GloBI) database. We used an unsupervised machine learning method to predict interactions between any given set of taxa, given pairwise taxonomic proximity and known consumer and resource sets found in the interaction catalogue. Results suggest that pairwise interactions can be predicted with high accuracy. While conclusions are seemingly dependent on the comprehensiveness of the catalogue, knowledge of taxonomy was found to complement well the catalogue and improve predictions, especially when empirical information available is scarce. Given its high accuracy, this methodology could promote the use of food webs and network level descriptors in remote and frontier location where empirical data is hard to collect. Network characteristics could then be efficiently evaluated and correlated to levels of environmental stressors in order to improve vulnerability assessments of ecosystems to global changes, opening promising avenues for further research and for management initiatives.

You are here: Volume 66 (2016) Issue 3-4 Article 11
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